Hearing Loss and Aging - Senior Health, Aging and Elder Care ...
A physician-produced listing of health information about hearing loss and
communications disorders.

  • | September 15, 2006 > > > Hearing Loss and Aging 1 | Hearing Loss and Aging About one-third of Americans between the ages of 65 and 74 have hearing problems

  • About half the people who are 85 and older have hearing loss

  • Whether a hearing loss is small (missing certain sounds) or large (being profoundly deaf), it is a serious concern

  • Hearing loss can affect your life in many ways

  • Depending on the type and extent of your hearing loss, there are many treatment choices that may help

  • Hearing loss does not have to get in the way of your ability to enjoy life

  • How Do I Know if I Have a Hearing Loss? See your doctor if you: Have trouble hearing over the telephone, Find it hard to follow conversations when two or more people are talking, Need to turn up the TV volume so loud that others complain, Have a problem hearing because of background noise, Sense that others seem to mumble, or Can’t understand when women and children speak to you

  • What Causes Hearing Loss? Hearing loss can have many different causes, including the aging process, ear wax buildup, exposure to very loud noises over a long period of time, or infections, heart conditions or stroke, head injuries, tumors, certain medicines, and

    Ear Infection
    Conventional, herbal, and homeopathic treatments.

    Hearing Aids [NIDCD Health Information]
    Describes what hearing aids are and how they work, how to get a diagnosis of
    hearing loss, and the different types of hearing aids.

  • How common is hearing loss and what causes it? Approximately 28 million Americans have a hearing impairment

  • loss is one of the most prevalent chronic health conditions in the United States, affecting people of all ages, in all segments of the population, and across all socioeconomic levels

  • Hearing loss affects approximately 17 in 1, 000 children under age 18

  • Incidence increases with age: approximately 314 in 1, 000 people over age 65 have hearing loss

  • Hearing loss can be hereditary, or it can result from disease, trauma, or long-term exposure to damaging noise or medications

  • Hearing loss can vary from a mild but important loss of sensitivity, to a total loss of hearing

  • Image of the inner ear There are different types of hearing loss

  • Conductive hearing loss occurs when sound waves are prevented from passing to the inner ear

  • Mixed hearing loss is a combination of both conductive and

  • A conductive hearing loss can often be corrected with medical or surgical treatment, while sensorineural hearing loss usually cannot be reversed

  • People with hearing loss may experience some or all of the following problems: Difficulty hearing conversations, especially when there is background noise

    Ear Infections: Facts for Parents About Otitis Media
    Information, diagrams, signs and symptoms, and treatment for Otitis Media.

  • At that stage, fluid may cause hearing loss and speech problems


    Photo by www.viable-herbal.com

    Hearing Impairment
    Find out what causes it and what can be done to help correct the problem.

  • But over time, too much exposure to loud noise can lead to a condition known as noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL)

  • In addition to noise-induced hearing loss, other types of hearing impairment can affect people during their teen years

  • Unlike hearing loss that's caused by noise, though, these types of hearing loss are not preventable

  • Conductive hearing loss results from a problem with the outer or middle ear, including the ear canal, eardrum, or ossicles

  • In many cases, conductive hearing loss can be corrected with medications or

  • Sensorineural (pronounced: sen-so-ree- nyour -ul) hearing loss results from damage to the inner ear (cochlea) or the auditory nerve

  • This type of hearing loss is permanent

  • Mixed hearing loss occurs when someone has both conductive and sensorineural hearing problems

  • Some people have partial hearing loss, meaning that the ear can pick up some sounds; others have complete hearing loss, meaning that the ear cannot hear at all (people with complete hearing loss are considered deaf)

  • In some types of hearing loss, a person can have much more trouble when there is background noise

    Medical College of Wisconsin Healthlink Topics: Ears/Hearing
    News and information about hearing disorders from the physicians of the Medical
    College of Wisconsin.

  • It can result in severe dizziness, hearing loss and ringing in the ear

  • Noise induced hearing loss is the most common irreversible occupational hazard in the world

    Audiology Net... Audiology Information for the Masses
    Audiology and hearing healthcare informational web site.

  • Audiological Pathology Audiology & Medical Topics Brain Tumor on the Auditory Nerve Auditory Brainstem Response Electronystagmography Otoacoustic Emissions Earwax Impaction Audiogram Swimmer's Ear & Outer Ear Infection Middle Ear Infection Medical&Audiology Home Pages Basic Information Cranial Nerves & the Brain Advanced Information Hearing Loss in Children Perforated eardrum Ringing in the ears Please email any comments (last update March 18, 2006) to

    An Inner Ear Primer
    Brief overview of the inner ear functioning and the main pathophysiology of the
    auditory and vestibular systems.

  • Failure can lead to sensorineural hearing loss (neuronal) or conductive hearing loss (via bone)

  • Children with persistent middle ear infection (otitis) develop conductive hearing loss

  • Conductive hearing loss due to infection of the middle ear is very important

  • Otosclerosis may cause conductive hearing loss leading patients to claim that the speech of others is mumbled

  • When the hearing loss is bilateral (conductive) the tendency is to lower one¹s voice that seems too loud, gradually leading to an increasingly withdrawn behavior

  • Hearing loss >20dB is considered significant (2)

  • Other common complaints at the clinical setting is partial hearing loss due to second hand effect of drugs

  • Benefits

    Photo by www.jacquesherzogmd.com

    Earaches: A Painful Problem for Many Children -- familydoctor.org
    A brochure presented by AAFP with information including how the ear works, what
    causes the pain, why are they so common, and the symptoms of an infection.

  • This may lead to more infections and hearing loss

  • Will earaches hurt my child's hearing? Middle ear infections and fluid in the ear are the most common causes of temporary hearing loss in children

    MEI: Otosclerosis Patient Brochure
    Information on the disorder and treatment provided by the Michigan Ear Institute.
    Includes a discussion of the cochlear and stapedia forms of the disease.

  • The amount of hearing loss due to involvement of the stapes and the degree of nerve impairment present can be determined only by audiometric examination (hearing tests)

  • In some cases medication may be helpful in preventing further loss of hearing

  • Your hearing loss is due to inter

  • In less than one percent, complications in the hearing process may be so great that there is a severe loss of hearing in the operated ear, to the extent that one may not be able to benefit from an aid in that ear

  • When further loss of hearing occurs in the operated ear, head noise may be more pronounced

  • Loss of Hearing Further hearing loss develops in two percent (2% of the patients due to some complications of the hearing process

  • In one percent (1%) this hearing loss is severe and may prevent the use of an aid in the operated ear

  • The older the patient, the less the tendency for further hearing loss due to the otosclerosis process

    Ear Surgery Information Center-Otosclerosis
    A description of this disorder and a discussion on its progression. Symptoms are
    discussed and hearings aids as well as surgery.

  • Perception of hearing loss is so slow that many people with otosclerosis only become aware of their hearing loss when friends or relatives call it to their attention

  • Many individuals with otosclerosis compensate for their hearing loss by inadvertantly learning to read lips

  • Hearing loss in otosclerosis may be in one, or both ears

  • When the hearing loss is in both ears, its effects on daily communication are significant

  • The first sign of a hearing loss can occur when a person finds themself requesting that others repeat themselves, or noting hearing difficulty when people's faces are turned away

  • If the degree of hearing loss is minimal and only affects one ear, no intervention can be considered

  • However, most people in good health will generally elect surgery to correct their hearing loss

    Ear Surgery Information Center-Meniere's Disease
    Provides a description of this disease, its symptoms, diagnosis, tests, treatment,
    and life style changes.

  • Levenson MD, FACS Meniere's Syndrome Vertigo Endolymlphatic Hydrops Meniere's Disease is a very disturbing illness, presenting patients with hearing loss, pressure in the ear, tinnitus, severe imbalance and vertigo

  • Vertigo is the most dramatic and distressing symptom of Meniere's; it is described as a sudden loss of normal balance or equilibrium

  • Hearing loss typically fluctuates with hearing being worse some days than others

  • The hearing loss in Meniere's may lead to severe permanent hearing loss and deafness in the affected ear

  • Tinnitus is often described as a motor-like whirring noise present only in the ear with the hearing loss

  • Sometimes, hearing loss will precede episodes of vertigo by several years

  • Tinnitus alone, without associated hearing loss or vertigo, is rarely caused by Meniere's Disease

  • For instance, infections of the inner ear, including syphilis and Lyme's Disease, may produce episodes of vertigo and hearing loss quite indistinguishable from Meniere's; these symptoms usually occur in both ears

  • Thus, the hearing loss doesn't have periods of improvement


    Better Hearing Institute
    Provides information on hearing loss, tinnitus, hearing aids, and a directory of
    hearing care providers.

  • According to the Better Hearing Institute's (BHI) most recent survey of 53, 000 households 31.5 million Americans have hearing loss

  • Hearing loss affects 1 in 10 Americans and 1 in 4 households

  • While 95% of individuals with hearing loss could be successfully treated with hearing aids, only 23% currently use them… Customer satisfaction with directional hearing aids is 81%

    ASHA: Questions & Answers about Otitis Media
    Relates Otitis Media to problems with hearing and language development in children.

  • The other extreme is repeated bouts with infection, thick 'glue-like' fluid, and possible complications such as permanent hearing loss

  • However, there is one problem that nearly always occurs with all types of otitis media-fluctuating hearing loss

  • How can otitis media cause a hearing loss? Three tiny bones in the middle ear carry sound vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear.When fluid is present, the vibrations are not transmitted efficiently and sound energy is lost

  • The result may be a mild or even a moderate hearing loss

  • Generally, this type of hearing loss is temporary

  • However, when otitis media occurs over and over again, damage to the eardrum, the bones of the ear, or even the hearing nerve can occur and cause permanent hearing loss

  • Can hearing loss due to otitis media cause speech and language problems? Children learn speech and language from listening to other people talk

  • If a hearing loss exists, a child does not get full benefit of language learning experiences

    CNN - Ear infection update: News you can use - June 25, 1999

  • Ear infection update: News you can use June 25, 1999 Web posted at: 8:53 AM EDT (1253 GMT) In this story: By Tula Karras SYMPTOMS OF AN EAR INFECTION Fever Pain in the ear (babies rub or pull on their ears) Vomiting and diarrhea (in infants only) Difficulty hearing Crying/pain when sucking Loss of sleep or appetite (WebMD) -- Ear infection: The diagnosis strikes fear in the hearts of parents, who want to do what's best for their child but tend to get conflicting medical advice

  • Sometimes the fluid in the middle ear doesn't drain, blocking the eardrum and causing temporary hearing loss, or otitis media with effusion

  • Repeated ear infections can be a problem, since they're associated with extended temporary hearing loss

  • And if children have significant hearing loss for a long period of time, they may experience difficulties in language learning

  • Traditionally, children who experience recurrent ear infections for three months or longer and have hearing loss are candidates for a myringotomy, a surgery in which tubes are inserted into the ear to keep the middle ear ventilated

    Ear problems - otosclerosis
    Article provides background details, information on risk factors, diagnostic and
    treatment methods and self-care after surgery.

  • This causes a conductive hearing loss, because the sound waves can’t reach the inner ear

  • The symptoms of otosclerosis include: Gradual but progressive loss of hearing Hearing may improve in noisy conditions Sensations of ringing in the ears (tinnitus) Dizziness

  • Treatment options Treatment may not be needed until the degree of hearing loss is significant

  • A successful operation can correct conductive hearing loss of otosclerosis

  • (03) 9929 8666 Things to remember Otosclerosis is a form of bone overgrowth within the middle ear that causes progressive hearing loss

    Perforated Eardrum
    Leaflet including causes, effects on hearing, and treatment.

  • As a result of hot slag (from welding) or acid entering the ear canal Middle ear infections may cause pain, hearing loss and spontaneous rupture (tear) of the ear-drum resulting in a perforation

  • Effects on Hearing from Perforated Eardrum Usually, the larger the perforation, the greater the loss of hearing

  • The location of the hole (perforation) in the eardrum also effects the degree of hearing loss

  • skull fracture) disrupts the bones in the middle ear which transmit sound or causes injury to the inner ear structures, the loss of hearing maybe quite severe

  • If the perforated eardrum is due to a sudden traumatic or explosive event, the loss of hearing can be great and ringing in the ear (tinnitus) may be severe

  • Chronic infection as a result of the perforation can cause major hearing loss

  • The specialty encompasses cosmetic facial reconstruction, surgery of benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck, management of patients with loss of hearing and balance, endoscopic examination of air and food passages and treatment of allergic, sinus, laryngeal, thyroid and esophageal disorders

    Hearing Healthcare Associates - Kennewick, Richland, WA
    We are hearing health care professionals dedicated to serving those in need of
    hearing health care services.

  • I would not go anywhere else and I would refer my friends.” Roy Peterson Whether the need is for a hearing evaluation, for hearing protection, for aural rehabilitation, or for some type of amplification to overcome hearing loss, we will provide the best service possible

  • How do I know if I have hearing loss ? Hearing loss is invisible and almost always painless

  • The reason hearing loss is often unnoticeable by a person is because the change is usually gradual

  • Most hearing losses develop over a long period of time

  • Eventually there comes enough of a deterioration that the hearing loss interferes with conversational speech in many places

  • You probable have a hearing loss if: You are told the TV is too loud

  • Hearing loss can prevent the quality of life you've hoped for

  • If you or someone you know suffers from hearing loss, please let us improve the quality of life for you or them

    Doctors Timothy C. Hain and Alan Micco provide background information on the
    causes and treatment of the condition. Features illustrations and references cited.

  • Hearing loss usually begins between the ages of 11-30

  • The hearing loss can be of two types

  • This type of hearing loss can be corrected both by a hearing aid as well as a surgical procedure called stapedectomy

  • This type of hearing loss is not correctable by stapedectomy

  • The amount of sensorineural hearing loss is not proportional to bony involvement (Nelson and Hinojosa, 2004) While hearing aids are usually worth trying, they also may be ineffective

  • When otosclerosis involves both the small bones and the cochlea, a "mixed" type hearing loss occurs

  • NATURAL COURSE OF THE DISEASE Hearing loss generally begins between the ages of 10 and 30

  • There may be no conductive hearing loss at this point but rather there may be a "sensory" type hearing loss

  • The sensory type hearing loss, at this point, is attributed to leakage of enzymes from bone into the inner ear

  • Sensory hearing loss is also attributed to atrophy of the spiral ligament caused by involvement of lamellar bone at the inner surface of the cochlear capsule

  • The sensory component of the disease may eventually lead to complete deafness, but fortunately, this is unusual Later on, a conductive pattern of hearing loss appears

    Tinnitus - cause, symptoms and treatment of this ear disorder
    Concise factsheet explaining the causes, symptoms and treatment of this disorder,
    available for downloading in Adobe acrobat format.


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