Iron: Minerals and Electrolytes: Merck Manual Home Edition
Explain why iron is important to hemaglobin, the two types found in food, and
absorption information. Includes problems associated with deficiency, ...

  • Iron Deficiency Iron deficiency is the most common mineral deficiency in the world, causing anemia in men, women, and children

  • In adults, iron deficiency is most commonly caused by loss of blood

  • In premenopausal women, monthly menstrual bleeding may cause the deficiency

  • In men and postmenopausal women, iron deficiency usually indicates bleeding in the digestive tract—for example, from a bleeding ulcer or a polyp in the colon

  • The deficiency may also result from bleeding in other areas of the body, such as the kidneys

  • Iron deficiency may result from an inadequate diet, primarily in infants and small children, who need more iron because they are growing

  • Adolescent girls who do not eat meat are at risk of developing iron deficiency because they are growing and starting to menstruate

  • Pregnant women are also at risk of this deficiency, because the growing fetus requires large amounts of iron

  • In addition to anemia, iron deficiency may produce such symptoms as pica (a craving for nonfoods such as ice, dirt, or pure starch), spoon nails (a deformity in which the fingernails are thin and concave), and leg cramps at night

    Iron Deficiency and Toxicity
    The Merck Manual takes a look deficiency and the symptoms of toxicity.

  • Mineral Deficiency And Toxicity Topics Iron Iron (Fe) is a component of hemoglobin, myoglobin, and many enzymes in the body

  • Iron requirements, iron metabolism, and iron-deficiency anemia are discussed in in Ch

  • Iron overload disease is discussed in Deficiency: Iron deficiency, which can cause anemia, is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world

  • Blood loss may produce an iron deficiency in any person

  • All persons with iron deficiency require iron supplementation

    Iron & Anemia - Ask the Dietitian
    Answers questions commonly asked about iron and role it has in consumer diet.

  • You have iron deficiency anemia and need to take iron supplements with to remedy the anemia which is causing the pica (eating ice and paper)

  • The trend in eating less red meat may increase iron deficiency anemia, especially among young children

  • A diet high in milk or milk products can increase iron deficiency because these are high protein, low iron foods and filling

  • Low Transferrin saturation can produce iron deficiency anemia

  • Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in children

  • The result is iron deficiency anemia with symptoms of tiredness and weakness

  • Because babies are not started on solid foods until four to six months, babies must rely on breast milk or iron fortified formulas to prevent iron deficiency anemia

  • I would recommend that persons avoiding red meat or any vegetarian take an iron supplement to prevent iron deficiency anemia

    Beating Iron Deficiency
    Linking people and programs with resources and information to help combat iron
    deficiency worldwide.


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    Redirect Page - Forging Effective Strategies to Combat Iron Deficiency
    Overview of the causes of Anemia together with downloadable recommendations on
    how to prevent it.

    Redirect Page - Forging Effective Strategies to Combat Iron Deficiency
    The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide reviewed information
    on hemochromatosis, including screening, information for patients, ...

    MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Iron in diet
    Provides recommended intake, deficiency symptoms, food sources, and functions.

  • (See .) This is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide

  • Babies moving to solid foods -- foods containing high amounts of iron should be selected to prevent the development of iron deficiency

  • Recommendations According to, the allowances of dietary iron intake are as follows: Males and females Younger than 6 months: 6 mg 6 months to 1 year: 10 mg 1 to10 years: 10 mg Males 11 to 18 years: 12 mg 19 and older: 10 mg Females 11 to 50: 15 mg 51 and older: 10 mg Pregnant: 30 mg Lactating: 15 mg Any male or postmenopausal female with iron deficiency should be evaluated by a health care provider to rule out whether the problem may be due to a more serious gastrointestinal cause, such as ulcers, polyps, or tumors

    MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Anemia
    A definition of anemia and lists specific types with links for further investigation.

  • Iron deficiency anemia is most common in women who have heavy menstrual periods

  • Benefits

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    Women's Health: Anemia - American Institute for Preventive ...
    An overview of the condition together with self help diagnosis.

  • There are several types of anemia: Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common one

  • In the United States, 20 percent of all women of childbearing age have iron-deficiency anemia, compared to only 2 percent of adult men

  • Yet one government source found that females between 12 and 50 years old (those at highest risk for iron-deficiency anemia), get about half of what they need

  • Older women who have poor diets, especially when they live alone, often have iron-deficiency anemia

  • Folic-acid deficiency anemia (megaloblastic anemia), occurs when folic-acid levels are low, usually due to inadequate dietary intake or faulty absorption

  • Folic-acid deficiency can lead to infertility and an increased risk of infection

  • Also, a deficiency of this vitamin is seen frequently among elderly women, especially those who have poor diets

  • If it’s due to a poor diet, you’re in luck: Iron deficiency anemia is not only the most common form of anemia, it’s the easiest to correct if it’s due to heavy periods or taking in inadequate amounts of certain foods

  • Do you have blood in your stools or urine or have black, tar-like stools? Are you dizzy when you stand up or when you exert yourself? Do You: Have menstrual bleeding between periods? Have heavy menstrual bleeding for several months? Normally bleed seven days or more every month? Suspect that you are pregnant? Do you have ringing in your ears? Do symptoms of anemia, i.e., tiredness and weakness, go on for at least two weeks despite using self-care procedures (listed below) ? Self-Care Procedures for Iron-Deficiency Anemia You may need to: Eat more foods that are good sources of iron

    Iron information page. All about iron and the role it plays in ...
    Includes list of functions, food sources, and recommended dosage.

  • Deficiency of iron Severe iron deficiency results in anemia, and red blood cells that have a low hemoglobin concentration

  • In young children, iron deficiency can manifest in behavioral abnormalities (including reduced attention), reduced cognitive performance and slow growth

  • In adults, severe iron deficiency anemia impairs physical work capacity

  • Symptoms of iron deficiency may include fatigue, poor stamina, intestinal bleeding, excessive menstrual bleeding, nervousness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath

  • Dosage The dosage is the, but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient

    Anemia Symptoms Iron Deficiency Anemia Treatment Research ...
    Offers research information about anemia associated with end stage renal disease,
    chronic kidney disease, cancer, HIV, rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease and ...

    Introduction to anaemia, causes and different types.

  • Iron deficiency anaemia The most common type of anaemia is iron deficiency anaemia, which basically means the body is running low on iron

  • In women the most common reason for iron deficiency is menstrual bleeding (periods)

  • Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia The main cause of vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia (also called pernicious anaemia) is when there is inadequate absorption of vitamin B12 from the diet

  • Folic Acid deficiency The main reason why you may have a lack of folic acid is due to a poor diet and if you drink excessive it can reduce the uptake of folic acid

  • Folic acid deficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia may also be known as megaloblastic anaemia

  • Other symptoms you may get could include: Pale appearance Shortness of breath and dizziness Fainting A red, sore tongue and a reduced sense of taste, this is usually only a symptom with folic acid and vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia

  • If you are a strict vegetarian you should take vitamin B12 supplements to avoid deficiency

  • If the cause of your anaemia is vitamin B12 deficiency then your doctor may prescribe vitamin B12 injections


    Ferrlecit Consumer Information
    Patient FAQ in html format with a link to approved labeling in pdf format.

  • What is Ferrlecit used for? Ferrlecit is used to treat iron deficiency anemia in patients on chronic hemodialysis who are receiving treatment to stimulate the production of red blood cells

  • Who should not be treated with Ferrlecit? You should not be given Ferrlecit if you have an anemia that is not related to iron deficiency, or if you have iron overload

    Iron dextran injection; contains information about iron deficiency anemia.

    Eating & Nutrition Information -
    Various articles by Dr. Greene that discuss nutrition and feeding issues from
    infants to teens.

    Discusses methods for increasing iron intake and why it is important in diet.
    Also has graph detailing foods high in mineral.

  • In order to maintain iron balance in the body for both men and women, dietary iron must supply enough iron to meet the 10% gap that our body has excreted or else deficiency will result

  • The most common indication of an iron deficiency is iron deficiency anemia, a condition in which the size and number of red blood cells are reduced

    Nutrition And Childhood Lead Poisoning, HYG-5536-93
    Ohio State University Extension fact sheet on the subject.

  • Iron Anemia, a decrease in the quantity or quality of red blood cells, occurs most frequently due to a deficiency of iron

  • Iron deficiency results in a decrease in the normal quantity of hemoglobin, the protein which carries oxygen in the blood

  • Lead poisoning can mimic iron deficiency

  • The occurence of iron deficiency and lead poisoning simulataneously can be synergistic and devastating

  • Anemia is more severe in these children and up to 50 percent more lead may be absorbed in children with an iron deficiency than in those with normal hemoglobin levels

  • Children who are most likely to be exposed to lead are likely to have other risk factors, such as a poor diet, which can contribute to iron deficiency

    Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University
    Discussion of function, deficiency, disease prevention, disease treatment, food
    sources, supplements, new research, and recommendations from the Linus Pauling ...

  • Growth and development Both vitamin A excess and deficiency are known to cause birth defects

  • Nutrient interactions Zinc deficiency is thought to interfere with vitamin A metabolism in several ways: 1) Zinc deficiency results in decreased synthesis of retinol binding protein (RBP), which transports retinol through the circulation to tissues (e.g., the retina)

  • 2) Zinc deficiency results in decreased activity of the enzyme that releases retinol from its storage form, retinyl palmitate, in the liver

  • At present, the health consequences of zinc deficiency on vitamin A nutritional status in humans are unclear

  • Iron Vitamin A deficiency may exacerbate deficiency

  • Vitamin A supplementation has been shown to have beneficial effects on iron deficiency anemia and improve iron nutritional status among children and pregnant women

  • Deficiency Vitamin A deficiency and vision Vitamin A deficiency among children in developing nations is the leading preventable cause of blindness

  • The earliest evidence of vitamin A deficiency is impaired dark adaptation or night blindness

  • Mild vitamin A deficiency may result in changes in the conjunctiva (corner of the eye) called Bitot's spots

    Explains functions in human body, food sources, importance of including in diet,
    and suggested intake.

  • The most common indication of poor iron status is iron deficiency anemia, a condition in which the size and number of red blood cells are reduced

    Anemia, Evaluation of - Hematology - MedStudents
    Márcia Datz, Pediatric Resident University of São Paulo Brazil. Definition,
    symptoms, testing, and types of anemia.

  • The main symptoms are exercise dyspnea, fatigue, palpitation, pica (consumption of substances such as ice, starch or clay, frequently found in iron deficiency anemia), syncope (particularly following exercise) and bounding pulse

  • Heinz bodies Abnormal Hb eletropheresis Low G6PD Congenital Heinz body hemolytic anemiaG6PD deficiency Bibliography Bunn F, H: Anemia, Hematologic Alterations, cap 56 (313-317)


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