Bee and Wasp Stings, HYG-2076-96
An Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet, by William F. Lyon on human
sensitivity to stings resulting in serious or fatal reactions.

  • Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet Entomology 1991 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1000 Bee and Wasp Stings HYG-2076-96 William F

  • Lyon It is estimated that between one and two million people in the United States are severely allergic to stinging insect venom

  • Each year 90 to 100 deaths from sting reactions are reported, but many more deaths may be occurring, mistakenly diagnosed as heart attacks, sunstrokes or attributed to other causes

  • Extreme human sensitivity to stings resulting in serious or fatal reactions is confirmed almost entirely to cases involving bees, wasps, hornets, bumble bees and ants (Order Hymenoptera)

  • For one person in 100, the sting of an insect can be fatal

  • Allergic Reaction Symptoms Most people stung will experience a 'local' reaction with redness, pain, swelling and some itching only at the sting site

  • If the reaction progresses quickly to sites other than the sting site or is followed by difficult breathing or choking at the throat, the person is experiencing a 'systemic' allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) requiring emergency medical treatment

  • Sting site is painful, reddened, may swell and itch, but will quickly dissipate

    Cicada Killer Wasp, HYG-2078A-97
    Ohio State University extension factsheet.

  • Lyon Common Name Scientific Name Cicada Killer Wasp, Giant Cicada Killer or Sand Hornet Sphecius speciosus (Drury) Although female Cicada Killer Wasps rarely sting unless disturbed, homeowners may become alarmed or frightened because of their very large size (nearly two inches) and foraging habits in unwanted areas

  • Males have especially aggressive territorial behavior, but have no sting

  • Females are difficult to provoke, can sting, but rarely do

  • Cicada killer females use their sting to paralyze their prey (cicadas) rather than to defend their nests

  • The female wasps are non-aggressive and rarely sting unless touched, caught in clothing, disturbed by lawn equipment, etc

  • Though males aggressively defend nesting sites, they have no sting

  • Cicadas are captured, paralyzed by a sting and used for food to rear their young

  • After stinging a large cicada, the female wasp drags it up a tree, straddles it and takes off toward the burrow, partly gliding

  • Pupation occurs in the spring lasting 25 to 30 days

  • Adults live about 60 to 75 days (mid-July to mid-September) while they dig new nesting holes (burrows) in full sun where vegetation is sparse in light, well-drained soils

    Hymenoptera Sting
    Outline of symptoms, prevention, and diagnosis for all altitude related illnesses.

  • Assorted Pages Hymenoptera Sting Wasp sting Bee sting Book Chapter Page Epidemiology Peak in August Hymenoptera most common cause of serious venom reaction Systemic : 5% of patients : <1% of patients Causes Yellow jacket Wasps Attracted to food and garbage containers Attack without provocation Nest in crevasses or burrows Disturbance of a nest may lead to attacks (>10) Hornets and assorted wasps Nest on undersurfaces of decks and roof overhangs Attack in small groups (1-5) if nest disturbed Bumblebees and Honeybees Not aggressive unless hives attacked Africanized Honeybees (Killer Bees) Attack in swarms of hundreds Pursue victims well away from the hive In U.S

    ABC of allergies: Venom allergy -- Ewan 316 (7141): 1365 -- BMJ
    Clinical review by Pamela W Ewan includes clinical features, diagnosis, acute
    treatment and future management.

  • Stings from bees and wasps, the most common stinging insects in Britain, can cause severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis

  • Coroners' data suggest that an average of four deaths from bee or wasp stings occur each year in the United Kingdom, but this is almost certainly an underestimate because venom anaphylaxis is not always recognised as the cause of death

  • In Britain most reactions are caused by stings from wasps (the Vespula species) rather than from bees

  • Reactions to bee stings are almost always associated with the honey bee

  • Sensitisation to wasp venom requires only a few stings, and can occur after a single sting

  • Clinical features The normal effect of a bee or wasp sting is to cause intense local pain, some immediate erythema, and often a small area (up to 1 cm diameter) of oedema

  • View larger version (74K): Patient with angio-oedema of the left forearm: local allergic reaction to a bee sting Local reactions Local reactions involve oedema at the site of the sting

  • View larger version (84K): Patient with angio-oedema and blistering of the ankle: local allergic reaction to a bee sting The clinical picture is variablepatients may have only erythema, urticaria, and angio-oedema or may develop loss of consciousness, with few warning symptoms, within minutes of a sting

  • info: WASP STING

    Photo by www.metalmarkt.ch

    Insect Stings - wasps, hornets, bees, fire ants, jack jumper ants ...
    Advice, information, support and message boards for those who are allergic to
    wasp, bee, and hornet stings and bites.

  • Subscribe to insectstings Powered by Wasp stings, bee stings and hornets stings had never been important in my life until one day in January 2002 I had to be resuscitated, the result of an allergic reaction to wasp venom

  • I just couldn't believe it! I had never even heard of anaphylaxis before and I decided then that I wanted to spend part of my life helping other people who have suffered from an insect sting - from the simple sting that just hurts a lot to the potentially deadly sting reaction that I suffered

  • The Insect Stings website is therefore a serious resource on this strange subject and offers lots of information including The story of my the hunt for and, and information, knowledge and support about , AND, and an - just about anything on this strange subject wherever you may live anywhere in the world! Lots of younger visitors like to know for their school work whether bee and wasp stings are and this question is also answered in this website!! I was fortunate in that I was able to go through a course of venom immunotherapy, also known as desensitization, and now my allergy is under control

    MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Insect bites and stings
    Prevention, symptoms, images, and treatment.

  • The bite from fire ants and the sting from bees, wasps, and hornets are usually painful

  • Considerations In most cases, bites and stings can be easily treated at home

  • However, some people have a severe allergic reaction to insect bites and stings

  • General steps for most bites and stings: Remove the stinger if still present by scraping the back of a credit card or other straight-edged object across the stinger

  • Place ice (wrapped in a washcloth) on the site of the sting for 10 minutes and then off for 10 minutes

  • For those who have a serious allergy to insect bites or stings, carry an emergency epinephrine kit (which requires a prescription)

    University of Kentucky Entomology for Kids
    It's a natural reaction to be frightened of some insects, but some large bugs
    are not harmful at all. This site teaches kids to distinguish between harmless ...

  • Because it would take several volumes to describe every insect, this publication is intended to distinguish several common insects and insect relatives in Kentucky that are or are not harmful

  • They do not sting or have venom

  • However, they do not have any biting or stinging ability

  • Lacewings are interesting-looking insects which, as larvae, are considered beneficial because they are predators of pest insects

  • Lacewing eggs are laid at the end of very slender stalks, which makes them very easy to distinguish

  • For more information see Entfact 003: Stinging Caterpillars

  • Their mouthparts are only modified to suck nectar and other liquids, and they will not bite or sting

  • Dangerous Insects and Relatives Even insects that do have the ability to bite or sting will usually do so only when mishandled or otherwise mistreated

  • Centipedes can be distinguished from the similar but harmless millipedes by having fangs (instead of chewing mouthparts), and one pair of legs per body segment (versus two pairs of legs per body segment in millipedes)

  • The tip of the abdomen has a sting, and the first pair of legs are pinchers

    Paper wasp
    Photographs, life cycle, habitat, and pest status of Polistes sp. of wasps.

  • In the spring they select a nesting site and begin to build a nest

  • Pest Status: Nests commonly occur around the home underneath eaves, in or on structures and plants; wasps attack when the nest is disturbed and each can sting repeatedly; stings typically cause localized pain and swelling, but in sensitive individuals or when many stings occur (as with most arthropod stings) whole body (systemic) effects can occur including allergic reactions that may result in death; males are incapable of stinging because the stinger on the females is a modified egg-laying structure (ovipositor) and it is not present in males; wasps feed on insects, including caterpillar pests, and thus are considered to be beneficial insects by many gardeners

  • Benefits

    Photo by www.landcareresearch.co.nz

    Cicada Killer Wasp
    From A Field Guide to Common Texas Insects, by Bastiaan Drees and John Jackman.

  • They sting the tarantulas and drag them into burrows in the ground

  • Adults emerge in the summer, feed, mate and produce new nesting burrows

  • Females are solitary, each provisioning their own nests even though they appear to be nesting in a common area

  • Cicada killers are active during July and August, coinciding with the appearance of cicadas which they attack, sting and paralyze

  • Pest Status: One of the largest wasps encountered; although females are capable of stinging, they are rarely aggressive towards man or animals; males are incapable of stinging, but can be more aggressive; large numbers of females nesting in localized areas such as sandy embankments can be a nuisance and cause concern because of their large size, low flight and nesting activities; nest entrances are often accompanied by a pile of soil excavated from the burrow that may disturb turfgrass

    WASP - Free Music Downloads, Videos, CDs, MP3s, Bio, Merchandise ...
    Profile, message board, photograph, tour dates, and links.

    Poisonous Animals: Box jellyfish, Boxfish, Deadly sea wasp ...
    Provides information about the deadliest sea creature.

    Insect Sting Allergies – Medical information regarding this ...
    Comprehensive information, statistics, and treatments for allergic reactions to
    insect stings.

  • | August 18, 2006 > > > Insect Sting Allergies 1 | Stinging Insect Allergies (Bee Stings, Wasp Stings, Others) The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from Bees, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Wasps and Fire Ants

  • Over 2 million Americans are allergic to stinging insects

  • Most people are not allergic to insect stings and most insect stings result in only local itching and swelling

  • 50 to 150 deaths occur each year from these stings, and up to a million hospital visits result form insect stings

  • If you are known to be allergic to insect stings, then the next sting is 60% likely to be similar or worse than the previous sting

  • Since most stings occurring in the summer and fall, you are at greatest risk during these months

  • Most insect sting reactions are not allergic and result in local pain, itching, swelling and redness at the site of the sting

  • The allergic reaction to insect sting varies from person to person

  • Severe reactions are suspected if a person experiences and intense itching at sites other than the sting site

  • These types of reactions usually occur within minutes of the sting, but have been known to be delayed for up to 24 hours


    Predatory Wasps - Superfamily VESPOIDEA and SPHECOIDEA
    Pictures and information of wasps in Brisbane, Australia.

    Information about a wide variety of commonly encountered insects found in
    California, with links to resources and photos. From the University of California.

  • Links: , courtesy of Rob Curtis/The Early Birder "CARPENTER BEES" - Family APIDAE These large bees have a tendency to scare the bejeezus out of people because of their large size and the territorial behavior of the males (which do not sting), such as swooping down towards people from up near their eaves

  • There are over 450 other species in North America, nearly all of them laying their eggs in the nests of ground-nesting bees and wasps, especially in the Southwestern deserts

  • Most species are red and black, orange and black, or white and black [see for a SW species, Dasymutilla gloriosa that mimics creosote bush seeds]; for most species this is warning coloration (called "aposematism"), associated with the fact that females (which are always wingless) pack a VERY potent and painful sting

  • The males all have wings, and do NOT sting, as is true of almost all male wasps

  • Links: , courtesy of Rob Curtis/The Early Birder "TARANTULA HAWK WASPS" - Family POMPILIDAE This group of wasps includes some of the largest stinging insects in the world, and reportedly some of the most painful to be stung by, mostly due to the size of the sting itself and the volume of venom injected

    Anaphylaxis - Life-threatening allergy
    Explains history, causes, symptoms, pathophysiology, and use of adrenaline/epinephrine

  • Penicillin, injected clot-busting drugs used after heart attacks, and a host of other kinds of injection can occasionally do to human beings what the experiments did to dogs

  • Bee or wasp (yellow jacket) stings when these cause faintness, difficulty in breathing, or rash or swelling of a part of the body which has not been stung

  • Red box also contains antihistamine tablets and flimsy tourniquet (for bee or wasp sting)

    US Navy - A Brief History of Aircraft Carriers - USS Wasp (CV 7)
    USS Wasp (CV 7) facts, history, and photos.

  • Late on the afternoon of 23 July, while the carrier lay alongside Pier 7, NOB Norfolk, 32 Army Air Force (AAF) pilots reported on board 'for temporary duty.' At 0630 the following day, Wasp 's crew watched an interesting cargo come on board, hoisted on deck by the ship's cranes: 30 Curtiss P-40s and three PT-17 trainers from the AAF 33d Pursuit Squadron, 8th Air Group, Air Force Combat Command, home-based at Mitchell Field, N.Y

  • Within a few days, Wasp 's group joined the larger Task Force (TF) 16 — consisting of (BB-41), Quincy , Wichita , five destroyers, USS Semmes (AG-24), USS American Legion (AP-35), USS Mizar (AF-12), and USS Almaack (AK-27)

  • Those ships patrolled the foggy, cold, North Atlantic until returning to Little Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, on the 11th, anchoring during a fierce gale that lashed the bay with high winds and stinging spray

  • Accordingly, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, fearing that Malta would be 'pounded to bits, ' asked President Roosevelt to allow Wasp to have 'another good sting.' Roosevelt responded in the affirmative

  • Who said a Wasp couldn't sting twice?' While Wasp was conducting those two important missions to Malta, a train of events far to the westward beckoned the carrier to the Pacific theater

    Comprehensive information about the medical condition rhabdomyolysis, complete
    with tables, pictures, and diagrams.

  • In this disease, episodes of hyperthermia and rhabdomyolysis are triggered by exposure to volatile anaesthetics such as halothane, or succinylcholine, a depolarising muscle relaxant.(9) MH appears to be an autosomal dominant condition with variable penetrance(7), and may involve a defect in the ryanodine receptor of the calcium release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum.(7) These patients have higher than normal resting sarcoplasmic calcium concentrations, and exposure to the above agents may trigger further uncontrolled calcium release, leading to excessive muscle contraction, hyperthermia, and rhabdomyolysis.(8) The diagnosis of MH susceptibility can be made only by muscle biopsy and a positive in vitro response to provocative agents such as halothane, succinylcholine, and caffeine

  • Alkalinization of the urine by the addition of sodium bicarbonate to the intravenous fluids has been suggested (since acidic urine favours myoglobin nephrotoxicity) however this is controversial since bicarbonate may aggravate existing hypocalcaemia

    The European Paper-Wasp
    Information about the recent infestation of the US by this species (Polistes

  • - - - - - The European Paper-Wasp: A New Threat to Cavity-nesting Birds Is Coming! This article was originally published in the Purple Martin Update 9:12(2000).  Used with permission of and the .  © 2000 by the .  All rights reserved

  • On the plus side, paper-wasps help gardeners by removing cabbage butterfly larvae from the broccoli.  Nobody knows if they will affect the success of butterfly gardens by eating all the caterpillars, but few monarch larvae survive the native paper-wasp foragers in my experience.  The addition of a voracious new paper-wasp that prefers sheltered nesting sites mostly around human habitations does not look good for butterflies in these areas.  Please if you encounter the European Paper-wasp and take data on its occurrence in bird boxes.  We need to know how much of a pest this latest exotic invader might become

    Steve Minutillo :: messy-78
    Everything from stories of adventure to mindless link propogation.

    Pest Control Canada
    Information about pest problems in Canada, do it yourself solutions and how to
    choose and find a suitable pest control professional if needed.

  • Attack of the Bees, Wasps and Hornets: What's the difference? Which one is most dangerous? How to avoid the painful stings

  • When a bee stings, it commits suicide

  • A wasp can sting multiple times

  • Hornets will sting just to express their anger or fear

  • These wasps are reputed to have the most painful sting of any North American wasp, Ed Saugstad, retired entomologist; Sinks Grove, WV Pest News: Did you know it's against the law..

  • Let your mouse do the walking through our Pest Professionals A dd your listing to the directory or Quick Links , (Canada) ( B.C.) (Ontario) Get rid of pests for good—guaranteed


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