For Goodness Snakes! Treating and Preventing Venomous Bites
Article from the US Food and Drug Administration.

  • For Goodness Snakes! Treating and Preventing Venomous Bites By John Henkel They fascinate

  • People who frequent these wilderness spots, as well as those who camp, hike, picnic, or live in snake-inhabited areas, should be aware of potential dangers posed by venomous snakes

  • A bite from one of these, in which the snake may inject varying degrees of toxic venom, should always be considered a medical emergency, says the American Red Cross

  • The article's authors estimate that between 7, 000 and 8, 000 people a year receive venomous bites in the United States, and about five of those people die

  • Some experts say that because people who are bitten can't always positively identify a snake, they should seek prompt care for any bite, though they may think the snake is nonpoisonous

  • Even a bite from a so-called 'harmless' snake can cause an infection or allergic reaction in some individuals

  • Medical professionals sometimes disagree about the best way to treat poisonous snakebites

  • Some physicians hold off on immediate treatment, opting for observation of the patient to gauge a bite's seriousness

    -= Snake Bite Tattoo and Piercing =-
    Tattoos, piercings, darts, fotogallerij, nazorg en gastenboek de shop bevindt
    zich in Almelo.

    eMedicine Health - Snake Bite
    Overview of symptoms and treatment of snake bites.

  • August 27, 2006 > Snakebite 1 | Snakebite Snakebite Overview Snakes are remarkable animals, successful on land, in the sea, in forests, in grasslands, in lakes, and in deserts

  • How snakes bite: Snakes that inject venom use modified salivary glands

  • During envenomation (the bite that injects venom or poison), the venom passes from the venom gland through a duct into the snake's fangs, and finally into its prey

  • Who snakes bite: It has been estimated that 5 million snakebites occur worldwide each year, causing about 125, 000 deaths

  • Snakebites are more common in tropical regions and in areas that are primarily agricultural

  • Five to ten deaths occur per year from snakebite in the United States

  • People provoke bites by handling or even attacking snakes in a significant number of cases in the United States

  • Of the estimated 45, 000 snakebites per year in the United States, about 8000 are by venomous snakes

  • Which snakes bite: Two major families of snakes account for most venomous snakes dangerous to humans

    Snakebite Protocol
    An exhaustive list of protocols written for potential snakebites to human beings.
    From the Department of Surgery at the University of California, San Diego.

  • info: SNAKE BITE

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    NASD: National Ag Safety Database
    Provides access to information on occupational safety, health and injury prevention.
    Includes information on chemicals and pesticides in fruit and vegetable ...

    Patient UK: Snake Bites
    Article on treatment of snake bites including first aid care and subsequent procedures.

  • Snake Bites Snake bites are uncommon in the UK, and although there is only one indigenous poisonous snake, the Vipera berus or 'adder', other species of snakes may be found in private collections or zoos

  • First aid for snake bites

  • Non-venomous snake bites

  • The majority of snake bites in the UK will be non-venomous such as those from pythons and constrictors

  • These snake bites should be treated in the same way as any other animal bite:- Clean and dress the wound Give anti- prophylaxis as required If the precise identity of the snake is unknown, keep under observation for several hours If there are any systemic features such as limb oedema, hypotension etc, assume that the bite is venomous and call the local poisons centre for further advice

  • Venomous snake bites

  • Venomous snake bites are very rare in the UK and are most commonly the result of an

  • Venomous snakes, even when they bite, do not always inject venom or not enough venom to cause envenomation

  • Conversely if the venom causes local damage and not neurotoxicity, like the adder bite, then pressure-immobilisation is not recommended - just immobilisation)

    Emergency Phones What to Do For Snake Bites, Stings, Poisons and ...
    Links and telephone numbers for poison control and venomous sting centers.

  • Related Pages: See newly organized with additional helpful topics Snake Bites Other Venomous Bites/Stings Emergency Help Phones & Sources For Antivenom IF POISONING to you or an animal Index snake bite or other venomous bites/stings In an emergency always contact local emergency services first There are two major centers for advice on snake and other venomous creature bites/stings

  • Covers poisons, first aid, bites and stings, plants

  • Should be used on some bites and stings and not on others

  • DO NOT USE Pressure Immobilization Method for following (from AVRU): bites by redback spider, other spiders including mouse spiders and white tailed spiders, scorpions, centipedes, stonefish and other fish stings, Bluebottle jellyfish, other jellyfish, Hymenopterans (bees, wasps and ants) in non-allergic individuals, Australian beetles

  • Attempt to remove clothes from around bite will increase spread of venom

  • (Arterial tourniquets, which cut off the circulation to the limb, are potentially dangerous, and are no longer recommended for any type of bite or sting in Australia.) DO NOT wash the bitten area

  • [Even during transport] Note: - Note: Even if the bitten or stung person is ill when first seen, the application of pressure-immobilisation first aid may prevent further absorption of venom from the bite or sting site during transport to hospital

    Bites and Stings
    Introduction and guide from the City of Phoenix, Arizona on snake, insect, gila
    monster and africanized honey bee bites.

  • BITES AND STINGS About 45, 000 people are bitten by snakes every year in the United States

  • More than half of the poisonous snakebites involve children, and most occur between April and October

  • Of the poisonous bites in the United States, 55 percent are from rattlesnakes, 34 percent from copperheads, 10 percent from water moccasins, and onepercent from coral snakes

  • Rattlesnake bites account for 70 percent of the fatalities and between 95 and 98 percent of the bites occur on extremities

  • Each year the Samaritan Regional Poison Center has more than 65 calls about rattlesnake bites

  • Baby rattlesnakes are capable of a venomous bite from birth

  • Nonpoisonous snakebites are not considered serious and are generally treated as minor wounds; only poisonous snakebites are considered medical emergencies

  • Symptoms generally occur immediately, but only about one third of all bites manifest symptoms

  • In 50 percent of coral snake bites, no venom is injected because the coral snake has to chew the skin for envenomation to occur

  • In as many as 25 percent of all venomous pit viper bites, no venom is injected, possibly because the fangs may be injured, the venom sacs may be empty at the time of the bite, or the snake may not use the fangs when it strikes

  • Benefits

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    Snake Handling
    Skeptics' analysis of the practice of snake handling, including the scriptural
    basis and an explanation of why participants are seldom bitten.

  • Not all poisonous snakes are equally likely to bite

  • Snakes that are hot, hungry or feel threatened are more likely to bite, so keeping the snakes cool, well-fed, and calm prevents bites

  • If the snake bites, it may not inject a lethal amount of poison

  • One bite can be endured better than several bites

  • A bite in the limbs is less deadly than a bite in the trunk or head

  • Some snake handlers have died of snake bites, including George Went Hensley, founder of the Church of Jesus With Signs Following, a snake handling group

    BUPA: Bites and Stings
    Factsheet with advice on symptoms and treatment including when urgent medical
    attention is needed. Includes animal and human bites, adders, insects, ...

    Sea Snakes
    General information about sea snakes; behavior, habitats, and methods of defense.

  • Persistent myths about sea snakes include the mistaken idea that they can't bite very effectively

  • The truth is that their short fangs (2.5-4.5mm) are adequate to penetrate the skin, and they can open their small mouths wide enough to bite a table top

  • It is said that even a small snake can bite a man's thigh

  • Most sea snake bites occur on trawlers, when the snakes are sometimes hauled in with the catch

  • Only a small proportion of bites are fatal to man, as the snake can control the amount of envenomation, a fact probably accounting for the large number of folk cures said to be 95% effective

  • Intense pain is not obvious at the site of the sea snake bite; 30 minutes after the bite there is stiffness, muscle aches and spasm of the jaw followed by moderate to severe pain in the affected limb

    Snake Bites
    An overview of bites from different snake species. Includes treatment options.
    By Survive Outdoors.

  • Snake Bites Introduction Since Adam and Eve, snakes have long been portrayed as evil creatures to be feared

  • Snake Bite Facts In the United States, only about 12 people a year die from snakebites

  • The estimated chances of dying from a snakebite in the outdoors is approximately 1:10 million

  • Victims of snakebites in North America usually have two common denominators, tattoos and alcohol intake

  • Therefore, snakebites can present as one puncture wound, two, three or even four (see photo of timber rattlesnake for example of multiple fangs)

  • There is also a histamine release by the body after the bite

  • Coral Snake Bite Symptoms Coral snake venom is different than pit viper venom

  • Dry Bites Dry bites are referred to as “misses, ” no venom injected due to the lack of venom, a glancing blow, or penetration could not occur because of the clothing worn by the individual

  • Dry bites account for about 20-30% of all snakebites

  • Pit Viper Bite Symptoms There are many symptoms associated with the bite of a pit viper

  • Snakebite Treatment for Pit Vipers General support/reassurance; keep the victim calm; move the individual away from the snake, if possible; do not try to kill the snake—two people being bitten is worse and you cannot aid the first victim (note: amputated snake heads can still bite as a reflex)


    Animal Bites - HealthWorld Online
    Preventive measures and treatments. From the American Institute of Preventive Medicine.

  • First Aid for Animal Bites © The most common animal bites in the United States are from dogs, cats and other humans in that order

  • Less common, but often more dangerous, are bites from skunks, raccoons, bats and other animals that live in the wild

  • The health risks of an animal bite depends on the animal and how severe the bite is

  • Bleeding Infection Lyme Disease - a bacterial infection spread by deer tick bites Lockjaw - painful, persistent stiffness of the jaw due to a toxin which can be prevented with up- to-date tetanus immunizations In the United States, particularly in the northeastern states, skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes are the main carriers of rabies

  • Rabid animals can show these signs: strange behavior such as activity by day for animals that are normally active by night agitation, lack of fear of humans foaming at the mouth Anti-venom treatment is available for poisonous snake bites at emergency medical facilities

  • It needs to be given within four hours after the bite

  • Prevention Here are some ways to prevent animal bites: Never leave a small child alone with a dog or cat, even if it's a puppy or kitten

    Religious Movements: Snake Handlers
    Discussion of the beliefs and history of serpent handling religion in North
    Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia, as well as legal and other ...

  • Date of Birth: Born around 1880 [No specific date exists]-died July 25, 1955 [from a snake bite] (Kimborough 1995, 133)

  • When 'a member almost died from a snake bite [Hensley] moved to Pine Mountain, Kentucky.' By the Late 1920s the support for snake handling vanished in the old Cleveland church and many of the Church of God branches

  • After three people died in Tennessee and Georgia from either snake bites or strychnine poisoning, snake handling came under attack once more

  • Detractors, of a secular variety, have made a variety of claims as to why the snakes do not bite the handlers

  • In fact, LaBarre cites Ecclesiates 10:11 'Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment; and a babbler is no better.' This passage, he argues, can be interpreted to 'discourage both snake-handling and speaking in tongues' (LaBarre 1969, 11)

    An article by Willis Lamm, TrailBlazer Magazine. Statistical information on bites
    to humans and livestocks, how to avoid and what to do if you are bitten.

  • Recent revisions to snake bite protocols are indicated in red

  • On average, fewer than 10 snakebite deaths are reported

  • In fact more people die from wasp and bee stings than from snakebites

  • Nonetheless venomous snakes must be considered dangerous and even non-fatal bites can cause severe pain and long lasting tissue damage

  • The Diamondback is responsible for most deaths due to snakebite in the U.S

  • Pit vipers generally inject large amounts of venom into hunting bites, but oftentimes little or no venom into defensive bites

  • In fact, up to 25% of pit viper bites in humans are non-venomous 'dry bites'

  • A provoked and angered snake, however, might not only 'load up' to be quite venomous, but may also strike several times! SNAKEBITES IN HUMANS A rattlesnake bite is a serious event, but by staying calm, following good procedures and using common sense, it doesn't have to be a fatal event

  • In fact, Rattlesnake bites are generally not fatal

  • There have been many snake bite remedies offered over the years

  • (It WILL swell.) Apply a light constricting band about 2' above and below the bite, however never place the bands on either side of a joint (such as above and below the knee or elbow)

    Flairpath Marketing
    Aspivenin brings relief to all types of bites and stings, including those from
    insects, wasps, bees, snakes, and spiders. Includes ordering instructions.

  • Instant pain relief from insect bites and stings

  • Flairpath Marketing are International distributors of Aspivenin®, a unique and natural treatment that brings instant relief from bites and stings

  • Aspivenin® is a special vacuum mini-pump that painlessly draws poison from insect stings and insect bites

  • The Aspivenin® treatment works on all bites and stings as well as snake bites, bee stings, wasp stings, mosquito bites spider bites, jellyfish and scorpion stings

  • For full information about Aspivenin® and how it can treat all bites and stings, read on...

  • HERE'S HOW IT WORKS By pushing the white plunger right down to the barrel of the Aspivenin®, a continuous vacuum is created in the selected nozzle over the wound site and this gently draws poison from the bite or sting

  • It only takes about 20 to 30 seconds in the case of a mosquito bite, 90 seconds for wasp stings and up to 3 minutes for more serious attacks

  • In the case of life-threatening attacks, such as snakebites, it is recommended that the pump be used repeatedly to extract as much poison as possible, and that the vacuum then be retained as long as possible over the wound site until professional medical help can be reached

    Snake Handling in the Pentecostal Church: The Precedent Set by ...
    Student paper on the origins of snake handling religious traditions.

    Sustainable Gardening Tips: Garden Snake
    Common-sense information about keeping snakes out of the garden, and accounts of
    pet dogs and cats encountering snakes.

  • Cat snake bite does not seem as deadly as dog snake bite here in Australia

    Lithuanian Folk Medicine
    Includes sections describing the concept of health and illness, determination of
    illness, doctors and cures.

  • Lithuanians knew how to heal snake and mad dog bites

  • Special powers were given to the wedding sash, which was used to gird the person after a snake bite; also to mother’s wedding band, by placing it on warts, erysipelas and various body moles; also to shirts worn during birthing, placenta and the umbilical cord

  • Incantations were used to heal frights, erysipelas, snake bites, hemorrhages, joint problems, herpes, toothaches, hiccups and other ailments

    Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
    Sistrurus catenatus catenatus habitat and reproductive behavior in Ohio.

  • Native to Ohio: Yes Active or Potential Nuisance Species: Potential - Not because of overabundance, but because of potential harm/conflict to humans if the snake uses an inhabited area (e.g., a basement) The Eastern massasauga is a state

  • In 1976, a Division of Wildlife regulation was passed which, in effect, prohibited the taking or killing of all reptiles and amphibians, except turtles and frogs, on Division of Wildlife controlled lands

  • Snakes do not seek out people to bite; striking and biting is a defensive measure on the part of the snake

  • The risk of snake bite is highly overrated; annually, more people die from bee stings or lightning strikes than from snake bites


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