Aztec calendar
Explains how the alignment of some of the temples illustrated the spring solar
equinox, the relationship...

  • AZTEC CALENDAR Aztec Astronomy and Observation of Nature Solar Alignment The sun's rays shining between the shrines of Tlaloc and Hutzilopochtli atop the Templo Mayor into the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, occured at sunrise on March 21, the equinox

  • These observations informed many aspects of life-from the creation of the calendars, to the integration of time cycles with the stories of the gods and creation, to structuring of rituals in their proper time and place

  • For example, the comet seen by Moctezuma prior to the Spaniards' arrival was seen as a forewarning of an impending crisis.) The Aztec Calendars There were two calendar systems used by the Aztecs

  • The second calendar was a 260 day cycle made up of 20 day signs (named mostly after aspects of nature), and 13 numbers These two cycles can be represented schematically as two intermeshing "gears"

  • [4 ] On a larger scale still is the illustration of the universal time scale, as the Calendar Stone (or Sunstone)

  • Estas observaciones informaron muchos aspectos de su vida – desde la creación de calendarios, hasta la integración de ciclos de tiempo con las historias de los dioses y la creación hasta la estructuración de rituales en su lugar y tiempo correctos

    Artesanas Campesinas
    Fundraising ideas and handcrafts from the Rural Women's Artisans Cooperative
    based in Tecalpulco,...

    Mesoamerican Archaeology
    On this Web site you can find collected scholarly files, links, resources, software
    and reports relevant...

  • There is a collection of Maya calendar programs, as well as collected documents and arguments about unsubstantiated claims of transoceanic contact with the Americas

  • : Collection of 3 Hypercard stacks for Maya calendar conversions for the Macintosh

  • : Maya Calendar program by Warren Anderson

  • : Calendar display program by Denis Elliot, displays different calendars, i.e

  • : Aztec calendar hypercard stack by Rene Voorburg

  • : Maya calendar Basic programs by Linda Schele

  • : Maya calendar program in Basic for the PC by Floyd Lounsbury, info included

  • : MAYA CALENDAR 2.02 FOR WINDOWS 3.1 Shareware US$ 29.95, by Gregory Reddick zipped/uuencoded

  • Unix: : Maya Calendar program

    Information on the writing systems, government and religions of the Maya, Mixtec,
    Zapotec, and Aztec,...


    Photo by

    Historical Science Publishing - Aztec Calendar Handbook
    A "technical manual" for the Aztec Calendar and Aztec's perception of God by Dr.
    Randall C. Jimenez...


  • A technical manual for the Aztec Calendar and Aztec's perception of God by Dr

  • The Aztec Calendar is old

  • The Aztec Calendar is big

  • The Aztec Calendar is significant

  • The Aztec Calendar was dedicated on 1479

  • The Aztec Calendar is 12 feet in diameter

  • The Aztec Calendar weighs 25 tons

  • Understand the AZTEC CALENDAR in 30 minutes (or less)! More information on the Aztecs and Aztec Calendar than a dozen other books covering the same subject


  • A technical manual for the Aztec Calendar and Aztec's perception of God by Dr

  • The Aztec Calendar is old

  • The Aztec Calendar is big

  • The Aztec Calendar is significant

  • The Aztec Calendar was dedicated on 1479

  • The Aztec Calendar is 12 feet in diameter

  • The Aztec Calendar weighs 25 tons

  • Understand the AZTEC CALENDAR in 30 minutes (or less)! More information on the Aztecs and Aztec Calendar than a dozen other books covering the same subject


  • A technical manual for the Aztec Calendar and Aztec's perception of God by Dr

    Aztec, Olmec and Mesoamerica Directory
    Offers links categorized in five areas: art, daily life, maps, pictures, and research.

  • Aztec Architecture Aztec Calendar Aztec Religion and Mythology Olmec Architecture Mesoamerican Ballgame Aztec and Mixtec Art Olmec Sculpture Mesoamerican Sculpture Additional Art sites Teothihuacan Pictures Aztec Calendar Pictures Toltec Sculpture Olmec Colossal Head Mesoamerican Photo Galleries Aztec Interactive Map Aztec Maps Olmec Maps General Maps of Mesoamerica Quetalcoatl Aztec History Olmec History Timelines of Mesoamerica Other Mesoamerican Sites Other Picture Galleries New - Content Areas New - Including Cultures - Time Periods | By Subject | Images and clipart graphics by Corel Family of Products for viewing only

    Science in Ancient Artwork is expressed in geometrical and mathematical terms,
    encoding images and...

    Mexico and Central America in the Electronic Passport
    Online lesson series focuses on the land and the people of Mexico and Central
    America. Created for...

  • He calls himself ', ' or 'the fat guy.' The Aztec civilization developed an amazing calendar that was even more accurate than the one we use today

  • Click to learn more about the Aztec calendar

  • Benefits

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    Aztec Tenochtitlan
    Features high-quality photographs of Aztec sculpture and other artifacts from
    the Mexican Museo Nacional...

    Aztec Mythology
    Yale curriculum guide by Lorna Dils offering an overview of Aztec religion and
    mythology, including...

    Aztec Religion
    Comprehensive guide by Thomas H. Frederiksen to all aspects of Aztec religion,
    with bibliography.

  • The need to control nature is evident in their calendar systems

  • They had two calendars which when combined formed a third one

  • The first calendar, the 'Xihuitl', or natural year calendar, was used to measure the agricultural year and provided the basis upon which they performed their ritual to their various gods

  • The second calendar, the 'Tonalpohualli', was a specific religious calendar

  • The structure of the calendar was based on a combination of number and sign system that determied the fate of everyone depending on the date of their birth

  • The Xihuitl and the Tonalpohualli were combined forming a third calendar that was named Xiuhmolpilli (a bundle of years)

  • The Xiuhmopilli or the calendar round had a cycle of fifty two solar years, the time needed for the two previous calendars to have a coincident beginning

    Mesoamerican Archaeoastronomy
    A review of prehispanic astronomic knowledge: numeration, calendars, dates,
    stelae, codices and architect...

  • In particular, the work of Diego de Landa presented Mayan calendar glyphs

  • Landa also reported that the New Year began on 12 Kan 1 Pop in 1553 (Malstrom 1991), a correlation that later proved useful in aligning Mayan and modern calendars

  • He also provided a calendar with European months correlated with the Native calendar, the names of calendar cycles, and some other hieroglyphic symbols related to European alphabetic signs (Leon, 1994)

  • Calendars In Mesoamerica a multiplicity of cycles constituted a complex calendar system

  • These complexities have been useful in deciphering calendar dates

  • The tzolkin intercalated with the vague year (haab in Yucatec) to produce the calendar round of 52 years or 18, 980 days

  • The triple classification modules of 13, 20, and 365 provides a unique name for every day in the 52 year calendar round

  • 13, 3114 B.C., or, with the calendar round date of 4 Ahau 8 Cumhu (Lounsbury 1989)

  • This corresponds to the year 13 Reed on the Aztec calendar stone (Brotherson 1982)

  • The calendar round period endings together with names in the tzolkin and the calendar year produces a unique date within a span of 360 calendar rounds, a period of over 18, 707 years


    The Maya Astronomy Page
    Contains study of Maya mathematics, geographical orientation, writing, calendar,
    and Maya-related links.

    Maya Projects and Internet Resources
    Student projects and reviewed links about the ancient Mayan Civilization.

  • There is also information on the Mayan calendar, mathematics, writings, gods ballgame and sauna

  • Calendar, Astronomy, Numbers and Writing Systems : Steven Fought A three part tutorial on the basics of the Mayan system of numbers by Steven Fought published by the Math Forum site

  • & : Maya World Studies Center Mérida, México Explanation of calendar and mathematics developed by the Maya

  • There is a new section on using the Mayan calendar

  • : Nancy McNelly Find a wide variety of resources on the Maya, including information about their calendar and the glyph system of writing

  • You can even learn how to write your own name in glyphs! The explanation of the Maya Calendar is one of the best on the Web

  • Topics include Maya Mathematics, The Maya Calendar, Maya Writing and Maya Astronomy

  • Greider, University of Wisconsin Information on the Mayan creation myth Popol-Vuh ( , the Maya Flood Myth, One Story of the Hero Twins and information on the Mayan calendar and astronomy

    The Mayan Prophecies
    Overview of book by Adrian Gilbert and Maurice Cotterell, linkin sunspot cycles,
    Mayan myth, astrological...

  • The authors demonstrate how the Mayan Holy Number 1, 366, 560 days, known as the birth of Venus and the basis of their calendar, indicates ancient knowledge of sun spot cycles and their effect on the human race

  • They reveal that the Mayan calendar prophesies the end of our own "Age of the Jaguar", the fifth and final "sun" in 2012 AD

  • They counted the days according to two calendars, one a "vague" year of 365 days and the other a shorter cycle of 260 days

  • Every day had two names, one according to each calendar so that the same combination of names would not recur for 52 years

  • By a process of extraordinary detective work he cracked the code of the Mayan calendar making it possible for other scholars and explorers to translate the many dated inscriptions to be found on buildings, stelae and other ancient Mayan artefacts

  • These were so accurate that they put our own calendar to shame

  • This calendar was divided into "months" or uinals of twenty days, "years" or tuns of 360 days and longer periods of 7200 days, the katun and 144, 000 days, the baktun

    Civilization of the Toltecs and Aztecs
    Includes basic discussions of history, religion, and cultural practices, as well
    as annotated links.

    Crop Circles - Their Meaning and Connections to Dreams
    Articles by Joseph E. Mason and Dee Finney. They belive that the crop circle
    formations are related...

  • Mason 2004 Crop Circle Formations Resource for the Tegdown Hill Formation (see link on left) (link on left) Also: related to Folded Bee: Tan Hill symbolizes pineal gland of Land Earth Goddess , 17 Jul 04, Windmill Hill, near Avebury Trusloe, Wiltshire The Amazing Aztec Sun Stone Calendar of 2 August, 2004 at Silbury Hill, near Beckhampton, Wiltshire, with Informitive Links , 6 Aug 04, Hillwood, Aldbourne, Wiltshire , 7 Aug 04, Wilton Windmill, near Wilton, Wiltshire , 8 Aug 04, Shalbourne, nr Hungerford, Wiltshire The 2002 Gog and Magog Hill Crop Circle Formations Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in has hand the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain

    Exploring Multi-Layered Representations in Research
    A paper by Kathryn De Lawter, Adrienne Sosin, and Julie Mabey that describes a
    multi-layered qualitative...

  • Participants were invited to share their own constructions of meaning when engaged in activities related to multicultural calendar artifacts

  • The research methodology of this study is collective reflection, developed by the researchers in the process of interpreting teacher education student's multicultural calendar artifacts as texts

  • The article highlights one of the multicultural calendar artifacts displayed in the installation, through hyperlinks to images of the multicultural calendar artifact itself

  • The three stations of the installation engaged participants in imagining, interpreting, and viewing to construct their own visualized calendars, to have hands-on explorations of student-made calendars, and to view video clips of students' presentations of their calendar artifacts

  • The calendar artifacts displayed in The Aesthetics of Ethnography: A Moving Triangle were made by our students, enrolled in a Master of Science in Teaching program at Pace University in New York City

  • We create conditions for them to become conscious of their conceptions of culture through a problematic assignment of constructing a representation of their personal meanings for multicultural curriculum in a calendar format

    *** The Death Penalty and Aztec Historical Precedent ***
    Analysis of Aztec sacrificial rituals and how they relate to the modern-day punishment.

    Smith College Museum of Ancient Inventions
    Virtual museum includes photographs and brief descriptions of the tools of a
    bygone era.

  • origins, history and future plans browse the exhibit about the course that started it all contact the curator acknowledgments, disclaimers and that sort of thing Aztec Calendar Wheels Heron's Steam Engine


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